A verb is a word that denotes a certain action done by somebody or something. It is also called a doing word. A verb is also used to describe the state or condition of a person or thing. A verb not only tells us about an action, it also tells us about the time of an action. The tense of a verb tells us the time of an action.
A very common way of changing the form of a verb is by adding -ing to it.
1- Form the -ing form of a verb by adding -ing to the verb.
2- For verbs that end in -e, we drop the final “e”, before adding -ing to the verb.
3- In the case of some verbs, we double the last letter before adding -ing to the verb. In these verbs, the letter before the final letter is a single vowel.
- keep – keeping, do – doing, sing – singing.
- close – closing, move – moving, share – sharing.
- fit – fitting, pin – pinning, drop – dropping.
Let us see the uses of the -ing form :
1- The -ing form of a verb, along with a helping verb, is used to form the continuous tense. It tells us that the action is in progress. The form of the main verb remains the same. Only the helping verb changes with every sentence. So, we must look at the tense of the helping verb to find out the tense of the verb.
2- The -ing form of a verb is used as an adjective to express something more about a noun, without using a helping verb. The -ing form of verbs which perform the work of adjective are called present participles.
- Morgan is drawing a sketch.
- She was working hard.
- The setting sun looked beautiful.
- He caught the running train.